Proportionality has been described as meaning, in , if a nutcracker would do”1 in fact, proportionality is a very ancient concept the code of hammurabi, a babylonian law code dating from about 1722 bc, incorporated the principle of right of peaceful assembly in the public order ordinance (cap 245) were consistent with article. The concept of proportionality has been developed more as a general principle of law by the judges over the years this doctrine of proportionality is well established and is a broad concept in the european administrative law. As is common across the public sector, the uk police service is under pressure to do more with less, to target resources more efficiently and take steps to identify threats proactively for example under risk-assessment schemes such as ‘clare’s law’ and ‘sarah’s law’ algorithmic tools. Proportionality, and not irrationality, is the test used to determine whether a public authority has acted unlawfully when its decision is challenged by judicial review under section 6 of the human rights act 1998, but the courts have insisted that, in non-human-rights cases, irrationality remains the correct ground on which to challenge a. Proportionality: comparative law lessons tom hickman blackstone chambers introduction 1 despite the central importance of the doctrine of proportionality in modern public law, the english courts have not yet given much attention to the structure of the propor-tionality test, and certainly not by comparison with the courts in some other.
Proportionality in german public law is an elusive concept, and its terminology in the case law has been the source of strong disagreement among legal writers. The principle of proportionality has different meanings under international law depending on the legal regime concerned thus, proportionality has very different connotations under the law governing the interstate use of force (jus ad bellum), international human rights law, and international humanitarian law. 1 lord carnwath at the joint ucl-hku conference 'judicial review in a changing society', at hong kong university from rationality to proportionality in the modern law.
Chapter in international investment law and comparative public law (schill ed 2010) public law concepts to balance investors’ rights with state regulatory actions in the public interest – the concept of proportionality. 1 proportionality is a principle found in a number of different areas of both international and domestic law, including the law of armed conflict, the law of treaties, the law regarding the use of force, maritime delimitation law, and human rights law. The federal court of australia and melbourne law school present please join us for a seminar presented by the honourable julie dutil and professor adrienne stone and chaired by justice debra mortimer at the federal court of australia this seminar explores proportionality as a principle of constitutional law. Proportionality is an overarching principle of international law and not a discrete subject matter area to date there is only one general work focusing on the topic by an acknowledged expert in the field: cannizzaro 2000 (in italian with a helpful but short english summary) an in-depth book review. Regular readers will remember that, in pham  uksc 19, the court accepted that proportionality has a role to play in the common law of judicial review and, moreover, that it now bears a significant family resemblance to rationality review.
The european law blog aims to highlight, and comment on, current developments in eu case law and legislation our posts are short comments on judgments and legislation and are intended for anyone who wishes to stay informed on eu law. The general principles of european union law are general principles of law which are applied by the european court of justice and the national courts of the member states when determining the lawfulness of legislative and administrative measures within the european union. Importantly, the cfa also amended hong kong’s position in regards to the well-established proportionality test in the public law context, which will likely impact all those who seek to judicially review government or related public decisions going forward. A senior hezbollah official sounded upbeat that a new electoral law based on complete proportionality would be endorsed soon vote law defies breakthrough attempt rule 26 concerns proportionality , the scope of discovery, and the production of discoverable items. 1 other than in law enforcement operations, there is no general principle of proportionality applicable to the conduct of hostilities during an international or non-international armed conflict.
Nonetheless, despite the failure to embrace proportionality, english law “has for many years stumbled towards a concept which is in significant respects similar, and over the last three decades has been influenced by european jurisprudence even in areas of law lying beyond the domains of eu and international human rights law” (at para 105. Tag: proportionality administrative law public law for everyone is written by mark elliott mark is professor of public law at the university of cambridge, a fellow of st catharine’s college, cambridge, and legal adviser to the house of lords select committee on the constitution. The principle of proportionality in international law thomas cottier, roberto echandi, rafael leal -arcas, rachel liechti, tetyana payosova, explores the role it plays in selected fields of public international law, beyond human rights the the principle of proportionality in international law. Aimed at students taking a range of public law modules, public law provides comprehensive coverage of the subject in an accessible form it is the uk’s best-selling textbook in the field it is the uk’s best-selling textbook in the field.
Proportionality is intimately linked to the overarching concepts of self-defense, lawful force, and the controlled application of violence it is one of the most visible facets of humanitarian law designed to reduce unnecessary human suffering and avoid excessive damage to. The second view favours the development of a single test of public law illegality founded solely upon the proportionality principle this approach, which considers that wednesbury should now be, regarded historical rattan than contemporary worth. Definition of law, political law, public law, temporal law and divine law law is a term which does not have a universally accepted definition, but one definition is that law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior[3. Proportionality is a general principle in law which covers several special conceptsthe concept of proportionality is used as a criterion of fairness and justice in statutory interpretation.